This is a guest post by Robert Erez (Twitter: @no_erez), Program Manager at Octopus Deploy.

Continuous Delivery in the cloud with Octopus and AppVeyor

The fantastic team at AppVeyor have recently added built-in support for pushing and deploying your projects (.NET, Java, JavaScript etc) with Octopus Deploy. What is Octopus Deploy I hear you ask? Octopus Deploy is a friendly deployment automation tool that makes it easy to automate your application deployments in a fast, repeatable and reliable manner. Octopus takes over where your build server ends, enabling you to easily automate even the most complicated application deployments, whether on-prem or in the cloud. Deploying your application through environments like DEV, TEST and PRODUCTION requires the assurance that the each releases are identical where it counts, but with configuration that can be injected to change from environment to environment.

Let's take a look at how this new partnership between AppVeyor and Octopus Deploy can help you build a complete devliery pipeline in the cloud.

The public OctopusSamples/RandomQuotes-aspmvc4 repository provides a basic ASP.NET MVC app to display a bunch of wise quotes. Our goal is to set up a delivery pipeline to deploy this website to our IIS server for both a staging and then production environment.

AppVeyor Octopus Plugin

Starting with the build of our project, I've added the OctopusSamples/RandomQuotes-aspmvc4 GitHub repository as the source of a new AppVeyor project.

Build & Pack

Looking at the build phase, you should notice the new Package Applications for Octopus Deployment:

AppVeyor Build Step

This flag ensures that once the build has completed, the contents are zipped up into a package that can be pushed to Octopus Deploy. Although Octopus will accept any NuGet, zip, or tar package this flag will use the octo.exe tool to create a zip, named using the application name and version.

Advanced features in Octopus-like Channels allow you to configure custom rules to prevent pre-release versioned packages from getting pushed to production, or ensure that version requirements are met for any linked packages as part of that deployment.


In the Deployment configuration of the AppVeyor project, select the new Octopus Deploy deployment provider. This feature performs all the appropriate calls to pass the package into Octopus and create a related Octopus Release.

In Octopus, a Release ensures that each versioned build artifact will progress through its various environment phases with the same snapshotted deployment process, even if that project process is modified while the release is progressing. Reliable, repeatable deployments are our mantra.

AppVeyor Deployment Step

After adding your Octopus Server URL and API Key, tick the Push Packages option to allow AppVeyor to auto-detect the Octopus package built in the previous step. AppVeyor will then push the package to the Octopus built-in NuGet feed. Although Octopus supports automatic release creation when a new package is available, in this scenario we will trigger it through AppVeyor. Click the Create Release checkbox and provide the name of the project, RandomQuotes which we will later set-up in Octopus and which AppVeyor will programmatically trigger. Octopus was built API first and as such every feature and behavior can be configured and triggered via HTTP endpoints to integrate into any existing CI/CD pipeline!).

With our AppVeyor build pipeline set up, let's now jump into our Octopus Server and get this website deployed.

Continuing Deployment Through Octopus

With a dead simple Octopus Server installation (which, can naturally itself be automated) we are ready to add our new RandomQuotes project through the Octopus Web Portal. Hosted Octopus is an exciting new option which will be available soon that allows you to use Octopus Deploy without any on-premise infrastructure. We will manage your servers for you!

Octopus Projects

After configuring our infrastructure, go to the Projects section, click Add Project, and give it the name RandomQuotes that we specified earlier in our AppVeyor deploy step. This project contains all the deployment steps and configuration variables that define how this application is deployed.

For our simple deployment scenario, we will first go to the Process section and add a new IIS step. Octopus will handle all the complicated interactions to configure our IIS website with just a few inputs from us. There is a wide range of pre-built steps available for use in almost any deployment, so you don't need to write (or support) a single line of code. On top of this, we have an active community library with 100's more, and you can build and share your own steps between teams.

Octopus Deploy Steps

You can also include custom scripts in a variety of languages if you have a process in mind that doesn't quite fit any of the provided steps.

Deployment Step Details

After selecting the Deploy to IIS step, we will add a few settings to provide Octopus information to enable creating and configuring the IIS website.

Octopus Deploy IIS

Setting the Role under Execution Plan defines which machine(s) the website will be deployed to. A discussion on how Octopus can handle multiple environments each with different machine roles is a discussion in itself which we skip over in this demo. Check out our docs for more details.

Next, we will configure which package will be used for this step. Using the built-in feed (which AppVeyor will be pushing to) we can provide the PackageId RandomQuotes.

Configuring the website itself, which, at its simplest consists of setting just two additional values. The Website name and the AppPool. For this example, we will host both Staging and Production on the same machine (not the best idea for a real project), so we will provide a different website name based on the environment being deployed. The #{Octopus.Environment.Name} section of the name will be replaced at deploy time with the name of the environment.


This introduces us to one of the other awesome features of Octopus Deploy, variables. Using a templating syntax, you can provide configuration values, scripts, or even packages that all make use of variables that can be provided from Octopus itself or even user defined! In addition to the Website Name we have also decided to provide a different binding port between Staging and Production. This value #{CustomPort} is set in the Variables section of the project and can be scoped to a different value based on various combinations of deployment contexts like environment, machine or tenant, to name just a few.

Octopus Deploy variables

A common pattern is to define variables in Octopus for the different environments which are replaced in configuration files used by the application at run time. Using them during the deployment process opens up a wide range of advanced scenarios.

For our RandomQuotes project, we have a config transformation file for each of our environments. The Web.Production.config transformation that looks like:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<configuration xmlns:xdt="">
    <add key="ReleaseVersion" value="#{Octopus.Release.Number}" xdt:Transform="SetAttributes" xdt:Locator="Match(key)"/>
    <add key="EnvironmentName" value="#{Octopus.Environment.Name}" xdt:Transform="SetAttributes" xdt:Locator="Match(key)"/>
    <add key="BackgroundColor" value="#1e8822" xdt:Transform="SetAttributes" xdt:Locator="Match(key)"/>
    <compilation xdt:Transform="RemoveAttributes(debug)" />

Notice the value for ReleaseVersion includes a template pattern During a deployment. (jump to the end of this post if you can't stand the suspense and what to see what this looks like).

Commit and Enjoy

We now have our automated CI/CD pipeline configured. When we commit a change to our project, AppVeyor will automatically pick up the changes, build the project, and push it to our Octopus Server. From this point on, Octopus Deploy takes over and deploys it to our staging environment. Once we are happy with this release, we can deploy to production with the click of a button. The same built package that has been tested will then be pushed to our production environment using new values provided by our variables.

Logs Together

When the deployment occurs, Octopus will apply any web.config transformations in your project and perform variable replacements so that the same built artifact is run in each environment, ensuring that the code that you test is the code that you run in production.


Deployed Staging

With the staging version of our application available we can inspect and test it before kicking off a deployment to production...

Running Deployment


Deployed Production

Notice how the transformation has been applied changing the colour of the navbar, while the port and other variables have been updated based on the environment being deployed to.

AppVeyor + Octopus = Deploy Any Time

AppVeyor in combination with Octopus Deploy offers a new and exciting way to automate your continuous delivery pipeline in a repeatable, reliable manner. Say goodbye to hand rolled custom scripting solutions which break down at 5pm on a Friday. Flex the powers of AppVeyor's new feature today with a free Octopus trial.

Happy Deployments!