Deploying to Octopus Deploy

With AppVeyor you can package application for Octopus, push package, optionally create a release and deploy it.

Creating package for Octopus Deploy

Automatic packaging of ASP.NET Web Applications

During “MSBuild” phase AppVeyor can automatically detect ASP.NET Web Application projects in the solution and package them with octo.exe and save to build artifacts. To make it work, check Package Web Applications for Octopus deployment under MSBUILD tab in UI, or set publish_wap_octopus: true under build in YAML.


The following tweak environment variables can be used to customize automatic packaging process:

  • OCTOPUS_PACKAGE_NUGET - set to true to package in Nuget format, default is Zip.
  • OCTOPUS_PACKAGE_VERSION - customize package version. default is AppVeyor build version. Environment variable can be used here.
  • OCTOPUS_PACKAGE_ADVANCED - pass additional options to octo.exe pack.

Custom packaging

If you build your app using a script or your app is not an ASP.NET Web Application, you can package it with a script sometime after the build and before deployment (after_build and before_deploy stages in the build pipeline).

Packaging itself can be done with octo.exe or 7z.exe as both are installed on the build workers. Then you need to push the created package as an artifact:

appveyor PushArtifact <> -Type OctopusPackage

Optionally, use -DeploymentName switch, which is handy when you refer to the artifact in deployment settings.

Or, you can simply set the whole folder to be packaged as an artifact and it will be zipped and pushed by AppVeyor:



- path: dist
  name: MyApp
  type: OctopusPackage

More details at packaging artifacts.

Publishing .nupkg artifacts to to account/project feeds

By default AppVeyor publishes all .nupkg artifacts to to account/project Nuget feeds (more details). Therefore, any .nupkg artifact of type OctopusPackage is published account/project Nuget feeds. If this behavior is not , please set the following in YAML:

  disable_publish_octopus: true

Or if you use UI, select Do not publish Octopus Deploy .nupkg artifacts to account/project feeds under Nuget settings.

Understanding scenarios

There are 3 Octopus Deploy scenarios exposed in AppVeyor right now:

The following rules apply:

  • you can Push packages as long as you packaged an artifact of compatible artifact type (OctopusPackage, NuGetPackage or Zip).
  • you can Create release after you Push packages.
  • you can Create release without Push packages. This assumes that you set up Octopus to use AppVeyor Nuget feeds
  • You can Deploy release only if you Create release.

AppVeyor UI enforces those rules. In case you use YAML and, for example, set deploy_release without setting create_release, the deploy_release step will be ignored.

Octopus deployment settings

Octopus deploy provider settings are specified on Deployment tab of project settings or in appveyor.yml.

  • Server URL (server) - Octopus server URL.
  • API key (api_key) - API key. In UI, just copy-paste key in clear text. In YAML set it as secure variable or simple use Export YAML menu to export Octopus Deploy settings with encrypted API key.
  • Octo execution timeout (octo_timeout) - Optional. Time, in minutes, AppVeyor waits for octo.exe to complete operation. Default is 20 minutes.
  • Push packages (push_packages) - when selected in UI or set to true in YAML, AppVeyor will execute octo.exe push.
    • Artifact(s) (artifact) - Optional. Artifact(s) to push. If omitted, all build artifacts of compatible type (OctopusPackage, NuGetPackage or Zip) will be pushed.
    • Push packages advanced (push_packages_advanced) - Optional. Additional options passed to octo.exe push.
  • Create release (create_release) - when selected in UI or set to true in YAML, AppVeyor will execute octo.exe create-release.
    • Project (project) - Optional. Name of the project. Default is AppVeyor project name.
    • Release number (release_number) - Optional. Release number (version) to use for the new release. If omitted, Octopus will automatically determine the correct one.
    • Channel (release_channel) - Optional. Channel to use for the new release. If omitted, Octopus Deploy will select the best channel.
    • Create release advanced (create_release_advanced) - Optional. Additional options passed to octo.exe create-release.
  • Deploy release (deploy_release) - when selected in UI or set to true in YAML, AppVeyor will execute octo.exe deploy-release. As said earlier, this require Create release (create_release).
    • Environment(s) (environment) - Environment to deploy to.
    • Tenant(s) (deploy_tenants) - Optional. Create a deployment for specific tenant(s). For multiple tenants it can be comma or semicolon or space separated list.
    • Wait for completion (deploy_wait) - Optional. When selected in UI or set to true in YAML, octo.exe will not exit until deployment completed.
    • Deploy release advanced (deploy_release_advanced) - Optional. Additional options passed to octo.exe deploy-release.
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